Training in Sports Term II Strength & Methods

Training in Sports Term II Strength & Methods

Here we will learn about components of Physical Fitness and How to Improve it.

Training in Sports
Training in Sports 

For each and every sports, we require Physical Fitness.

Physical Fitness is divided into 5 parts.



  • It is the ability of muscles to overcome resistance.
Types: Dynamic & Static

Dynamic Strength

  • as it is related to movement it is called as isotonic strength.
  • there is diminishing tendency in dynamic strength. In pullups/ pushups after certain count muscles refuse to do work even one pullups/ pushups.
  • types of dynamic strength are as given below

Maximum Strength, Explosive Strength, Strength Endurance

Maximum strength
  •  ability to work against maximum resistance is known as Maximum strength.
  • Maximum strength. is not used in majority of sports where heavy resistance is taken.  
  • This type of strength is required for short period of time.

Example: takeoff in long jump 

Explosive strength
  • is the ability to overcome resistance with high speed. 
  • we can say that it is a combination of of strength and speed.
  • it is mostly used in sprint start and weight lifting.
Strength Endurance
  • As understandable from its name it is a combination of endurance and strength.
  • We can say that it is the ability resistance to act against resistance under the condition of fatigue. 
  • Generally used in long distance races

Static Strength

  • Static strength also called as isometric strength also
  • We can say that it is the ability to act against resistance.
  • neither this type of strength is used nor usually applied in sports but in Weightlifting it is used in phases.


Methods to Improve Strength


  • This exercise is not visible therefore it cannot be observed.
  • in this work is performed but not seen directly.
  • a group of muscles are straight more than the other muscles group.
  • during exercise muscles to not change their length.
  • muscles make feel a slight tremor me if exercise done for long duration of time.
  • we feel that we had done lots of exercise but scientifically it is zero but the expenditure of energy is same.

example: pushing a wall 

  • benefit these exercise acquire list time and can be performed anywhere.
  • zero no equipment is required to do these exercises.
  • for rehabilitation purpose these exercise are so valuable.


  • In this movement can be seen directly.
  • work done in these exercises are scientifically not zero.
  • it tone up muscles.
  • muscles become flexible and length can be increased by these exercise.
  • have a great value in the field of sports.
  • can be done with or without technical equipment.

for example: callisthenic exercises & Weight training are the best examples


  • Developed by Perrine in 1968. 
  • in this contraction of muscles apply maximum force throughout complete range of moment



Training in Sports Term II Strength & Methods

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