Sports and Nutrition Part 5

Sports and Nutrition part 5


Sports and Nutrition part 5, in this part we would learn about Nuttritve and Non Nutrient Components of Diet. Further we learn about some components of the Nutritive component of diet.


Sports and Nutrition Part 5
Sports and Nutrition Part 5

Nutritive Components of Diet

1. Nutritive components of the diet are those components that provide energy or calories. 
2. There are various nutritive components of diet which are described below.
Non Veg good - An example of ProteinNon-Veg Food – An Example Of Protein

A) Protein

1. Proteins Contain—Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen, Nitrogen, And Sometimes Sulphur.
2. Protein Is A Macronutrient That Is Essential To Building Muscle Mass, Nails, Hairs Etc.
3. The Structure And Function Of Our Bodies Depend On Proteins.
4.  The Regulation Of The Body’s Cells, Tissues, And Organs Cannot Happen Without Them.
5. Proteins Are Very Large Molecules, So They Cannot Be Directly Absorbed Into Our Blood. So They Are Turned Into Amino Acids By Our Digestive System.
6. There Are 23 Amino Acids. Out Of These, 9 Amino Acids Must Be Available In The Diet.
7. Marasmus And Kwashiorkor Are Protein Deficiency Diseases In Children.
Sources of Protein is divided into 2 types  1) Animal Protein 2) Plant Protein
Meat - Source Animal Protein
Meat – Source Animal Protein

Animal Protein

1. Protein, which we get from animal products, is called animal protein.  
2. found in eggs, milk, milk products, meat and fish and egg is a rich source of amino acid.
Dry Fruits - Source of Veg. Protein
Dry Fruits – Source of Veg. Protein

Vegetable Protein

1. we get this from vegetables.
2. usually found in various types of pulses and beans, soyabean, mustard, green peas, nuts, groundnuts, dry fruits and food grains.

B) Carbohydrates

1. Carbohydrates Are A Very Important And Major Source Of Energy.
2.  If We Divide Carbohydrate Then It Will Divide Into 3 Parts I) Carbo II) Hydr III) Ate
     2(A). The First Part Is ‘Carbo’ Means That They Contain Carbon.
     2(B). The Second Part That Is ‘Hydr’ Means It Contains Hydrogen
     2(C). The Third Word ‘Ate’ Means That They Contain Oxygen.
3. The Ratio Of Hydrogen Atoms To Oxygen Atoms Is 2:1
4. It Requires Less Amount Of Water.
5. There Are Two Main Types Of Carbohydrates, I.E., Simple Carbohydrates And Complex Carbohydrates.
6. Excess of Carbohydrates converted into Fats and lack of quantity cause loss of weight. 
Sources are rice, maize, jowar, bajra, pulses, gram, dry pea, dates, grapes, potato, banana, gur, sugar, etc

C) Fats

1. Fats Contain Carbon, Oxygen And Hydrogen In The Percentage Of 76, 12 And 12, Fats Are Necessary For Many Body Functions.
2. The Body Uses Fat As A Fuel Source, And Fat Is The Major Storage Form Of Energy In The Body.
3. Fats Keep Us Warm And Protect Our Organs.
4. Fats Also Help In The Production Of Hormones.
5. There Are Three Different Groups Of Fats In The Diet. That Is, Saturated Fats, Polyunsaturated Fats And Mono-Unsaturated Fats.
5* All Three Groups Have Different Characteristics And They React In Different Ways Inside    The Body.
5(A). The Intake Of Saturated Fats Increases The Chances Of Heart Diseases As It Increase The Cholesterol In The Blood. It Is Found In Fast Foods, Pastries And Biscuits.
5(B).The Polyunsaturated Fats And Mono-Unsaturated Fats Help In Lowering The Blood Cholesterol. The Polyunsaturated Fats Are Slightly Better Than Mono-Unsaturated Fats.
Note: Fats Are Essential In Diet But The Quantity Of Intake Should Be Limited.
Sources of Fat are given below

Animal Sources

1. We get various products from animals such as ghee, butter, cheese, curd, fish oil, milk, meat.

Vegetable Source

1. which we get from unprocessed starchy vegetables such as sweet potato, whole corn, dry fruits.

To read more parts of this Chapter Click Below as per your choice.

Part 1                       Part 2                   Part 3                      Part 4                 Part 6

Part 7                      Part 8                   Part 9


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