Physical-education-sports-for-cwsn-part-1, in this part we will learn about the Concept of Disability and Types of Disability. 

Concept of Disability

1. Disability is the reduction of functional ability to lead daily life.
2. Disability is an impairment that may be cognitive, developmental, intellectual, mental, physical etc.
3. It may be present in an individual from birth or occur during one’s lifetime.
4. Disability is an injury that restricts the functions or movements of an individual.
5. Disability is a medical condition that does not permit an individual to perform any activity or movement in a normal way.
physical-education-sports-for-cwsn-part-1 physical-education-sports-for-cwsn-part-1

Cognitive Disability

1. a neurological disorder that creates hindrances or obstruction for an individual to store, process and produce information.
2. This ability can affect an individual’s ability or capability to read, compute, speak and write.
3. The individual’s, who have this type of disability, usually have following symptoms:

        i) Memory disorder:

        An individual who has auditory problems or difficulty in remembering something that he heard, said or saw before sometime.

       ii) Hyperactivity:

       An individual with cognitive disability may not have attention for a long period. He finds it difficult to stay at one place.

       iii) Dyslexia:

       In this disorder a person faces difficulty in reading, writing, speaking etc. It is also called reading disability, dyslexia affects areas of brain that process language.

Intellectual disability 

1. It is a disability characterized by significant limitations both in intellectual functioning (reasoning, learning, problem solving) and in adaptive behavior, which covers a range of everyday social and practical skills.
2. this disability is related to the individual’s thought process, communication, money, learning, problem solving and judgment. 

Physical disability

1. it is a limitation on individual’s physical functioning, mobility, dexterity or stamina.
2. Other impairments such as respiratory disorders, blindness, epilepsy and steep disorders, which limit other facets of daily living, are also included in physical disabilities.
3. Physical disability may either be motor deficiency or sensory impairment.
(Dexterity = skill in performing tasks, especially with the hands)

Causes of disability

          a) Genetic cause: 
          1. Abnormalities in genes and genetic inheritance cause intellectual disability in children. 
          2. Sometimes, diseases, illness and over exposure to x-rays may cause genetic disorder. 
          b) Mental health problems
          1. problems such as depression, bipolar disorder etc. may lead to disability.
          2. They tend to be some of the most misunderstood disabilities.  
          c) Accidents: 
          1. Accidents may occur anywhere, anytime and to anyone
          2. These accidents may happen at workplace, on the roads or in the air. 
          3. These accidents may lead to disability.  

physical-education-sports-for-cwsn-part-1 physical-education-sports-for-cwsn-part-1

To read other parts of this chapter kindly click below

Part 2                                                             


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