Children and Women in Sports(6)

Children and Women in Sports(6)


Children and Women in Sports(6), In this part we will learn about Female Athelete Triad,Osteoporosis, Eating disorders etc.


Children and Women in Sports(6)
Children and Women in Sports(6)

Female Athlete Triad

1. Female athlete triad is a syndrome in which osteoporosis, amenorrhea and eating disorders are included.
2. It is simply known as ‘triad’. 
3. The triad is a serious disorder with lifelong health. It is a syndrome of three interrelated conditions.
Symptoms of Triad

1. The symptoms of triad may include fatigue, frequent injuries, loss of endurance and power, increase in healing time for injuries, enhance chance of fracture etc.


1. It refers to decreased bone mineral density.
2. In case of osteoporosis, weakening of bones occur due to the loss of bone density and improper bone formation.
3. This condition may be harmful to athletes as it may lead to osteoporosis and other injuries.
4. There are various factors which usually led to osteoporosis among women athletes, which are as follow:-
  • Insufficient calcium in diet
  • Amenorrhoea
  • Eating disorder


1. It is a menstrual disorder in women.
2. When a girl of 18 years and above either never began menstruating or there is an absence of menstruation for three months or above.
It is of two types.
A) Primary Amenorrhoea:- 
It is characterized by delayed menarche which is the onset of first period during puberty.
B) Secondary Amenorrhoea:- 
The stops of menstruating for three months or more is said to have Secondary Amenorrhoea.

  • Hormonal changes
  • Intensive exercises
  • Intake of less calories

Eating disorders:-

1. It is an illnesses that are characterized by irregular eating habits and severe distress or concern about body weight or shape.
2. Many female athletes try to lose their weight in order to improve their performance in field of sports.
3. In order to lose weight they may practice unhealthy weight control methods which lead them to various eating disorders.
4. These eating disorder can be fatal.
Types of Eating Disorder

  1. Anorexia nervosa:-
  2. Bulimia nervosa:-

Anorexia nervosa:-

1. In this eating disorder, the person only think only about food, dieting, and body weight all the time.
2. Other individuals usually feel them that are becoming thin but they do not believe this.
3. In front of the mirror they see themselves obese.

Bulimia nervosa:-

1. In this eating disorder the person eats excessive amount of food and then vomits it in order not to gain weight.
2. In this disorder, an individual binges on food and feels a loss of control.
3. Then, to prevent weight gain, tries to vomit the food.

To read others parts of this chapter Kindly Click Below.

Part 3

Female Athlete Traid

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