Psychology and Sports Notes

Psychology and Sports Notes


Psychology and Sports Notes

Psychology and Sports MCQ(Click Here)

Psychology and Sports


  • Word Personality desired from Latin word ‘Persona’ which means ‘mask’.
  • Personality doesn’t mean by outer appearance only it is a set of combining patterns of Feeling, social behaviour, Way of talking, Physical dimension.

Dimensions of Personality

1. Physical Dimensions

  • Most of people assume physical dimension as a personality.
  • Physical Dimension is related to good physique, appearance, health etc.
  • At the beginning we are impressed by tall height and strong, physique and bright face where as we dislike weak person, unconficlent, short height etc.
  • However weak body neither protect themselves nor others that’s why strong body, physique is important.
  • At last from above points we understand advantage of Good Body structure. Yes physical dimension is really significant of personality but not complete the meaning of personality.

2. Mental Dimensions

  • It relate to intellectual strength and mental abilities.
  • It is the Real Identification of personality which can’t be ignore.
  • Society likes people who are mentally sound.
  • Many great personality are not good looking but they had a mental and intellectual qualities.
  • In this person must have development of thinking, reasoning, intuition, judgment that shows a great mental and intellectual qualities.

3. Social Dimension

  • Human is social animal, he learns from his surrounding so much.
  • From by birth age he started learning by intuition from his social group whether it is home, school or playground.
  • A person called socially active if he has these qualities like character, morality, etiquettes, manners, friendliness, good attitude, helpful nature in a balanced value and also essential for good personality.

4. Emotional Dimension

  • It is related to emotional stability.
  • In this person have to control his/her emotion such as Fear, Anger, Happiness, distress etc.
  • A person has to know where to express his emotion and upto what extent.
  • Spontaneous outburst of emotions is not a good sign of good personality or emotion stability.
  • Children’s don’t know how to control their emotions due to which they outburst emotions many times and as they are going towards maturity they understand how to control their emotions.
  • So you can say that personality is a integrated image of physical, social, mental, emotional.

Type A Personality

1. Competitive

2. Impatient with delay

3. Easily aroused to anger, hostility and aggression.

4. Easily exited, high working involvement experience sense of urgency and struggling with clock.

5. Self critical fall prey to Hypertension.

Type B Personality 

1. not competitive in nature

2. Easy going and patient.

3. Do not become angry or hostile.

4. Able to express, emotion, able to cope up stress effectively.

5. not overachievers and over ambitious in life, satisfied with their life.

Type – A Type – B
1. Competitive Not competitive
2. Impatient with delay Easy going and patient.
3. Easily aroused to anger, hostility and aggression Do not become angry or hostile
4. Easily excited due to which they fall prey to Hypertension Able to express emotion, able to cope up stress.
5. Self critical Not over achievers and over ambitious in life.

Type C Personality

  1. Pleasing nature
  2. unable to express their nature specially anger
  3. they suppress their emotions efficiently
  4. lethargic
  5. passive
  6. hopeless
  7. pessimistic
  8. Feel alone from early age

Type D Personality

  1. High degree of distress
  2. strongly suppress their feelings
  3. don’t feel their feeling due to fear of getting rejected
  4. prone to heart disease
  5. high blood pressure
  6. depression
  7. inflammation

Jung’s Classification

1. Introverts – Shy in nature, talking less, not having a social circle, hesitation, self centered, not easily adjust in society, sensible, not expressing feeling.

2. Extrovert – friendly, talkative and socially active, gernous, courageous. Happy, go interest in present reality than future, don’t have hesitation, expressing feeling, not affected easily by difficulties and troubles.

3. Ambiverts – Mix of extrovert & introvert.


1. Openers – Eager to like to learn new concepts or thing, eager like various & new experiences. Imaginative persons, Insightful with lots of interest.

2. Conscientiousness – Those who had high degree of honesty are reliable and sharp. Organised, systematic, hard worker.

3. Extroversion – They get energy from other peoples by interacting them. They are energetic.

4. Agreeableness – Friendly, cooperative, compatible, kind & gentle. Person with more agreeableness may to at more distance. Kind, Generous, affectionate & sympathetic.

5. Neuroticism – called as emotional stability. Neuroticism related to emotional stability and the degree of negative emotion of a person. Those who having high value of neuroticism emotions. They remain moody & tense.


Aggression – Any form of behaviour towards the goal of injuring or harming another living being who is motivated to avoid such treatment.

1. Hostile Aggression – To cause harm whether it is physical or psychological to another living person.

Main aim to cause injury to other sportsperson.

Example – Bowler bowling bouncer deliberately to with intention of either to injured or to shake up concentration of a betsman.

2. Instrumental – displaying aggression behaviour with channeled aggression without anger. may be intention to hurt to get money, victory or praise. Overall goal is to win the competition.

Assertive Behaviour

  • Behaviour that involves the use of legitimate physical or verbal.

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